Due to the fact that Wake Forest University has cancelled all in-person classes and gatherings of 50 people or more for an indefinite period of time, we have decided to reschedule the entire conference for this coming fall semester. We are aiming for September 2020, and will be in regular communication as we restructure our schedule.

Wednesday, April 15, 2020

3:30 pm – 5:00 pm
Opening Reception and Welcome
Moravian Archives
457 South Church Street, Winston-Salem, NC 27101

Advanced registration required to guarantee a space (up to capacity). On-site registration will be available as space allows.

Welcome: J. Eric Elliott, Moravian Archivist and Conference Co-Convener and Dean Michele Gillespie, WFU
Opening Remarks: Grant McAllister, Conference Co-Convener

Special Event: “Becoming Moravian: Stories of Cultural Exchange and Transformation”: Conference Exhibition at Moravian Archive by Museum of Anthropology, WFU

Description:
Before and after “becoming American,” Moravian communities were traveling the world and spreading the gospel. One impact that is often overlooked is how missionary efforts abroad expanded the cultural horizons of the home populations back in Salem, North Carolina. Missionaries collected and sent back hundreds of cultural objects to show their supporters evidence of the diverse communities where they worked. This exhibit displays artifacts collected by missionaries in the Arctic, the Caribbean, and Latin America to tell stories of cultural meetings, exchanges, and transformations.

7:30pm – 9:00pm
Panel Discussion: “Cultural Interactions During Times of Upheaval: Language, Translation, and the Kituwah (Cherokee) Worldview”
Panelists: T.J. Holland (Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians), Thomas N. Belt (Oklahoma Cherokee), and Constance Owle (Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians)
Hanes Auditorium, Elberson Fine Arts Center, Salem College
500 E. Salem Avenue, Winston-Salem, NC 27101

Advanced registration required to guarantee a space (up to capacity). On-site registration will be available as space allows.

Welcome: Dean Susan Henking, Salem College
Conference Introduction
: Ulrike Wiethaus, Conference Co-Convener
Panelist Introductions and Moderator: Nora Doyle, Salem College

Click here for Panelist Bios.

Description:
Beginning in the 17th Century, the early modern period proved to be an era of rapid change for the Indigenous people of the Western Hemisphere. Thousands of lives from the coast to the mountains were rapidly destroyed by disease, war, and the outcome of a clash of very different cultures and worldviews. Equally under assault, social structures such as matrilineality, gender roles, and decentralized governments, cultural values and beliefs were not only different from those of Westerners, but most often antithetical to them. Because Europeans did not understand the nature and structure of Cherokee language, it would have been difficult at best to be able to interpret the translation and intent of meaning by Cherokee headmen and orators as they embarked on their interactions with non-Natives.

Thursday, April 16th

2:00 pm to 4:00 pm
“WALK AND LEARN!” EVENTS: GUIDED TOURS AND DISCUSSION

Option 1: Registration Required (12 spaces available) Click here to register!
“Moravians and their Neighbors: The American Indian Context at MESDA”
Museum of Early Southern Decorative Arts
924 South Main Street, Winston-Salem, NC 27101
Description:
This behind-the-scenes collection tour and discussion will concentrate on the American Indian context of encounter, response and influence and as revealed in material culture through objects in the collection of the Museum of Early Southern Decorative Arts (MESDA). The focus of the docent-led study will include visual evidence and descriptions of the native peoples encountered by 16th, early 17th-century and 18th-century colonists, explorers and naturalists and will come face-to-face with members of Cherokee and Yamacraw delegations who made the Trans-Atlantic voyage to England in the 18th century. Objects under study will include baskets, ceramics, needlework, paintings, powder horns and other items either crafted by or reflecting the world of the Cherokee, Catawba and other Native American peoples. The “Walk and Learn!” event will conclude with a look at portraits of several important Creek and Cherokee headmen who came to Washington in an effort to negotiate treaties in the decade prior to removal.

Option 2: Registration Required (24 spaces available) Click here to register!
“What is American about American Art?”
Reynolda House Museum of American Art
2250 Reynolda Rd, Winston-Salem, NC 27106
Description:
Since the colonial era, American art has been enlivened and at times upended by international crosscurrents and cultural exchange. Fully a quarter of the artists represented in Reynolda House’s collection immigrated to the country, and many others studied abroad. It has often been asked, “What is American about American art”? This tour explores crosscurrent American art highlights of the fine art collection, the historic house, and the temporary exhibition of “Tiffany Glass: Painting with Color and Light”. The latter is relevant to the tour theme, since American artist Louis Comfort Tiffany drew inspiration from global cultures, especially the Near East, and applied it to religious as well as secular American settings.

Option 3: Registration Required (24 spaces available) Click here to register!
“Becoming Moravian: Stories of Cultural Exchange and Transformation”
Moravian Archives, 457 S Church St, Winston-Salem, NC 27101
Description:
Before and after “becoming American,” Moravian communities were traveling the world and spreading the gospel. One impact that is often overlooked is how missionary efforts abroad expanded the cultural horizons of the home populations back in Salem, North Carolina. Missionaries collected and sent back hundreds of cultural objects to show their supporters evidence of the diverse communities where they worked. This exhibit displays artifacts collected by missionaries in the Arctic, the Caribbean, and Latin America to tell stories of cultural meetings, exchanges, and transformations.

7:00 pm – 10:00 pm
Cultural Performance: “The Search for Wachovia: The Wachovia Experience for American Indian and African American Peoples”
Discussion and Reception to follow Performance
Hanesbrands Theatre, Milton Rhodes Art Center
209 Spruce St N, Winston-Salem, NC 27101

Advanced registration required to guarantee a space (up to capacity). On-site registration will be available as space allows.

Welcome: Provost Rogan Kersh, WFU
Conference Introduction
: Ulrike Wiethaus, WFU
Featuring:
André Minkins, Producer and Director
Dylan Morgan (Eastern Band of Cherokee Indian), Artist and Cherokee Cultural Consultant
Laura Semilian, Solo Vocalist
Matthew Tooni (Eastern Band of Cherokee Indian), Cherokee Cultural Consultant, Storyteller, Spoken Word Artist
Moravian Music Ensemble Winston-Salem (courtesy Moravian Music Foundation)
Theatre Students at WFU and WSSU

Click here for Performer Bios.

Description:
The cultural performance evening created specifically for the conference, entitled “Search for Wachovia” tells the story of how Moravian influences intertwined with American Indian and African American histories to contribute to the development of the United States of America we now all call home. The Cherokee nurtured alliances with the Moravian settlements early on, valuing mutual trade relations and cultural exchange, even staying overnight to dine with the townspeople. These alliances were put to the test during the Seven Year War, when white settlers perceived Cherokee as a threat to the settlements’ safety. During times of relative peace, Moravians sent missionaries to live and teach among the Cherokees, and some Cherokee families sent their daughters to be educated at Salem Academy. In contrast, African Americans were always an integral part of Wachovia’s growth. They helped in making the brick and building the architectural town structures. They were artisans, craftspeople, traders and ordinary workers whose lives wove patterns into the settlement’s fabric. The majority of the enslaved were bilingual, speaking both German and English, and were regularly called upon to serve as translators. Some worshipped alongside white Moravians; others later joined a segregated congregation begun in 1822, which became St. Philips Church, one of the oldest black congregations in the United States. Following the Civil War, freedmen established the first school for black children in the county and established a neighborhood across Salem Creek called Happy Hill.

Friday, April 17th

2:00-4:00pm
WALK AND LEARN! EVENTS

Option 1: Registration Required (24 spaces available) Click here to register!
“New Insights into the Hidden Town Project”
Old Salem Museum & Gardens
The program begins with a lecture at The Frank L. Horton Center, 924 South Main Street, Winston-Salem, NC 27101, followed by a walking tour.
Description:
Old Salem, Inc. was at the forefront of presenting African American history with the retrieval of the St. Philips complex — including major archival, archaeological, and architectural investigation — and its opening to the public in 2003. A new initiative seeks to further that work through additional research and more broadly revealing the history of enslaved and free Africans and African Americans in Salem. “Hidden Town” describes the absence of people of African descent in the landscape and memory of what is called Old Salem today. Jim Crow laws segregated neighborhoods, and museum activity since 1950 and the relocation of the St. Philips congregation in 1952 further erased that presence. The Hidden Town Project goals include researching the enslaved, archaeological examination, integrating stories into the visitor experience, presenting public events, and connecting with descendants. This program will share a historical overview and a visit to places of meaning in the Hidden Town story.

Option 2: Registration Required (24 spaces available) Click here to register!
“What is American about American Art?” 
Reynolda House Museum of American Art
2250 Reynolda Rd, Winston-Salem, NC 27106
See Description Above

Option 3: Registration Required (24 spaces available) Click here to register!
“Becoming Moravian: Stories of Cultural Exchange and Transformation”
Moravian Archives
457 S Church St, Winston-Salem, NC 27101
See Description Above

7:00 pm – 9:30 pm
Keynote Lecture: “Black People-White God: Moravianism and the ‘Cultural Purification’ of the Afro-Caribbean in Antigua and Tobago”
Keynote Speaker: Rev. Dr. Winelle Kirton-Roberts (click here for bio)
Dillard Hall, Albert H. Anderson Jr. Conference Center
Winston-Salem State University 
601 S Martin Luther King Jr Dr, Winston-Salem, NC 27107

Advanced registration required to guarantee a space (up to capacity). On-site registration will be available as space allows.

Welcome: TBA
Conference Introduction: J. Eric Elliott, Moravian Archives, Conference Co-Convener
Introduction of Keynote Speaker: Cynthia Villagomez, WSSU
Q&A Moderator: Beau Gaitors, WSSU

Description:
3.1 million Africans were forcibly shipped to the British owned colonies in the Caribbean between 1662-1807 and enslaved by plantation owners. For close to 100 years, the enslaved Africans practiced their religious and cultural expressions that survived the Middle Passage, without religious judgement. While Christianity was well-established in the Caribbean by the eighteenth century, the Moravians were the first missionaries to have believed that the African “soul” was worthy of conversion. The evangelical Protestant work of the Moravians began in Antigua, an island colonized only by the British, in 1756. Thirty years later, in 1786, the Moravian mission was started in Tobago, an island that changed Colonial hands thirty-three times among the Spanish, Dutch, Latvian, French and British.
The success of Moravian evangelization in the Caribbean was measured by the de-Africanizing of the Afro-Caribbean converts. However, Black people in the Caribbean have perpetually struggled to embrace an identity that reconciled the Christian faith of the European White God with their African ancestral roots. Arguably, the Moravian in Tobago has more readily embraced and incorporated more African-ness in their Christian faith and practice than the Moravian in Antigua.

Saturday, April 17th

10:00-11:15am
Panel Discussion: “Becoming American: Moravians and their Neighbors, 1772-1822”
Auditorium, Reynolda House Museum of American Art
2250 Reynolda Rd, Winston-Salem, NC 27106

Advanced registration required to guarantee a space (up to capacity). On-site registration will be available as space allows.

Welcome: Phil Archer, Betsy Main Babcock Director of Program and Interpretation, RHMAA and Dean Franco, Director of the WFU Humanities Institute and Winifred W. Palmer Professor in Literature
Conference Introduction: Grant McAllister
Panel Moderator and Closing Remarks: Craig Atwood, Moravian Theological Seminary
Panelists: The panelists will represent four conference working groups of scholars.

Working Group Topic: “Religion, Gender, and Economics”
Members of the Working Group: Grant McAllister, Jake Ruddiman, Larry E. Tise, and C. Riddick Weber

Working Group Topic: “Arts, Artisans, and Architecture”
Members of the Working Group: David Bergstone, David Blum, Stewart Carter, and Geoff Hughes

Working Group Topic: “New Insights from the Moravian Archives”
Members of the Working Group: J. Eric Elliott, Paul Peucker, and Thomas McCullough

Working Group Topic: “African American and American Indian Relationships”
Members of the Working Group: Martha Hartley, Andre Minkins, Rowena McClinton, Charles Rodenbaugh, Ulrike Wiethaus

Description:
The years 1772 – 1822 encompass fifty years of Moravian-influenced change in Wachovia. During this pivotal time, a dynamic exchange of cultural, religious, and social practices between Moravians and their neighbors—Indigenous, African, and European—engendered a new national character peculiar to Wachovia. The panelists will examine the various modes in which this exchange took place that came to define the cosmopolitan Moravian-American character in North Carolina. Special focus will be placed on African American and American relationships with Moravians; arts, artisans, and architecture; religion, gender, and economics; and new findings from Moravian archival holdings.

11:30 am to 1:00 pm
Keynote Lecture: “‘In Essentials, Unity; in Non-essentials, Liberty; and in all Things, Love’: Tracing Identity in the 18th century Moravian Lebenslauf (Spiritual Memoir)”
Keynote Presenter: Katherine Mary Faull (click here for bio)
Auditorium, Reynolda House Museum of American Art
2250 Reynolda Rd, Winston-Salem, NC 27106

Advanced registration required to guarantee a space (up to capacity). On-site registration will be available as space allows.

Introduction and Moderator: Grant McAllister

Description:
The Moravian memoir (Lebenslauf) presents us with a genre of life writing that seems to promise an authentic record of an individual’s life. An examination of collections of memoirs, however, reveals telling differences between the various ethnic and cultural groups that made up Colonial and early American congregations. Drawing on the North American corpora, written in German and English by European descended, African-descended and Native American congregation members can we detect common patterns of recorded life experience? In what ways do these documents reveal fundamental differences in the self-professed motto of the Moravian Church? To what extent is the memoir an essential document of Moravian unity? Using both traditional and computational methods of reading, this lecture draws on the digitized and manuscript collections of the Moravian Archives in both Europe and North America (moravianlives.org).

2:00 pm to 4:00 pm
“WALK and LEARN” On-Your-Own

Please visit the following locations for individual, on-your-own tours:

Historic Bethabara Park

2147 Bethabara Road
Winston-Salem, NC 27106
(336) 924-8191
Hours: Tuesday-Friday: 10:30AM – 4:30PM
Saturday & Sunday: 1:30PM – 4:30PM
www.historicbethabara.org
Executive Director: Samantha Smith

Bethabara is the site of the first European settlement in the Piedmont Triad of North Carolina. In 1753, fifteen Moravians set out on a long journey down the Great Wagon Road from Pennsylvania to North Carolina and settled a small village, naming it Bethabara or “house of passage.” By the 1760s, Bethabara had developed into a bustling town of commerce and trade, with a profitable brewery and distillery (the first commercial operation in North Carolina), a pottery shop, and a tavern. After the completion of Salem, the population of Bethabara decreased, but remained an active agricultural community through the early 20th century. Today, the park offers free special events for the community, 183 acres of wildlife preserve, historic gardens, over 10 miles of trails, centuries-old buildings, a reconstructed French and Indian War palisade and colonial village, and the 1788 Gemeinhaus Church, the oldest standing church with attached residence in the United States. Recently the park installed a new lobby exhibit including interactions of Moravians with native peoples and the introduction of enslaved labor into the village. We also offer affordable tours of the Gemeinhaus and Log House to walk-in visitors during Visitor Center open hours ($4 for adults and $1 for children.)

Historic Bethania

5393 Ham Horton Lane
Bethania, NC 27010
(336) 922-0434
Hours: Tues-Sat 10am-4pm
www.historicbethania.org
Director: Dr. Michele Williams

Bethania, founded in 1759, was the first planned Moravian settlement in North Carolina. Historic Bethania exists as the only remaining independent, continuously active Moravian village in the southern United States, and is the only known existing Germanic-type Linear Agricultural village in the South. The 500-acre Bethania National Historic Landmark district is the largest National Landmark in Forsyth County. Historic Bethania Visitors Center interprets the history of generations who settled in the town starting in mid-18th century. With restored Wolff-Moser House and former Alpha Chapel on site. Free admission. Experience their historic landscapes walking the Black Walnut Trail.

Reynolda House Museum of American Art

2250 Reynolda Road
Winston-Salem, NC 27106
888-663-1149
www.reynoldahouse.org
Executive Director: Allison Perkins

Reynolda House preserves and interprets an American country home and a premier collection of American art. Through innovative public programs and exhibitions, the Museum offers a deeper understanding of American culture to diverse audiences.